中國華文教育網
中國的地理位置Location of China in the World
2010年04月21日 14:01

中國的地理位置


中國及其鄰國的位置

  中國位于歐亞大陸的東部,太平洋的西岸。中國的陸上疆界長達20,000多千米,擁有15個鄰國。

  大陸海岸線北起中朝邊界的鴨綠江口,南到中越邊界的北崙河口,總長18,000多千米。瀕臨渤海、黃海、東海、南海四大海域。沿海分布?5,000多個島嶼,臺灣島是中國的第一大島。島嶼海岸線長14,000千米。

  中國東鄰朝鮮,東北部、北部和西北部與俄羅斯、蒙古、哈薩克斯坦、吉爾吉斯斯坦、塔吉克斯坦相鄰,西部和西南部毗鄰阿富汗、巴基斯坦、印度、尼泊爾、錫金、不丹,南接越南、老撾、緬甸。

  同中國隔海相望的國家有日本、韓國、菲律賓、馬來西亞、印度尼西亞和文萊。

  Location of China in the World

  Located in the east of the Asia-Europe Continent, on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, China has a land boundary of some 20,000 km, with 15 neighboring countries.

  China's mainland coastline extends from the Yalu River on the border with North Korea in the north to the Beilun River on the border of China and Vietnam in the south, measuring approximately 18,000 km. The Chinese mainland is flanked to the east and south by the Bohai, Yellow, East China and South China seas. A total of over 5,000 islands dot China's territorial waters. The largest of these is Taiwan. The island coastline measures approximately 14,000 km.

  China is bordered by Korea to the east; Mongolia to the north; Russia to the northeast; Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the northwest; Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan to the west and southwest; and Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar to the south.

  Across the seas to the east and southeast of China are Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei.

【來源:中國華文教育網】

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